Tone Insight
Geissenklosterle Flutes

42,000 years ago - Geissenklösterle Flutes

Geissenklösterle is one of the caves where early modern humans between 43,000 and 30,000 years ago left traces of early artwork.

There are six levels of Aurifnacian and seven levels of Gravettian sediments in the cave

Geissenklösterle is a World Heritage Site since July 2017.

Geissenklösterle Flutes are the instruments that archaeologists from the University of Tübingen unearthed in Geissenklösterle (Geißenklösterle)  Cave in Southern Germany. Geissenklösterle is an archaeological site that is important for the central European Upper Paleolithic. Archaeologists explored the cave in 1963. It contains traces of early prehistoric art from 43,000 to 30,000 years ago.

Geissenklosterle Flutes
Mammoth (left) and bird-bone (right) flutes

Among the most important items are flutes of bird bone and mammoth ivory. The results of radiocarbon dating for animal bones showed that they are from 42,000 to 43,000 years ago. So, Geissenklösterle flutes are among the oldest musical instruments of the prehistoric period.

Gökhan Damgacı

Gökhan Damgacı is a pianist, composer, field recordist, sound designer, and author of sound and music-related books. All his life revolves around nature, art, books, and of course coffee. In his opinion, knowledge grows when shared. It is why, in his spare time, he likes to share what he learns and knows with others.

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